ISSN 2757-8135 | E-ISSN 2757-9816
Correlation of corpus callosum index and optic coherence tomography findings in multiple sclerosis with or without optic nerve involvement [Eur Eye Res]
Eur Eye Res. 2021; 1(1): 17-24 | DOI: 10.14744/eer.2021.03522

Correlation of corpus callosum index and optic coherence tomography findings in multiple sclerosis with or without optic nerve involvement

Pınar Altıaylık Özer1, Refah Sayın2, Gökçe Ataç3, Ebru Sanhal4, Mehmet Fatih Kocamaz5, Ahmet Şengün1
1Department of Ophthalmology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Neurology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Radiology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Radiology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
5Department of Ophthalmology, Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) parameters including peripapiller retinal nerve fiber length (RNFL) and ganglion cell layer (GCL) analysis with corpus callosum volumes, which were determined by corpus callosum index (CCI) radiologically in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.
METHODS: Forty MS patients, with or without optic neuritis in history, were involved in the study on which RNFL and GCL analysis by SD-OCT were performed. Anterior, middle, posterior, and overall CCI were calculated for all subjects on 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging scans, on conventional best mid-sagittal T1W image.
RESULTS: Seventeen patients had unilateral optic neuritis in history (42.5%) and had significantly lower CCIs compared to cases without optic nerve involvement (p<0.05 for each); lower RNFL measurements and lower GCL values in involved eyes compared to uninvolved side (p=0.03 and p<0.001, respectively). Overall CCI was lower in patients with more attacks in history and in elder MS patients (p=0.011 and p=0.06, respectively). Overall CCI was also lower in cases with lower mean RNFL and mean GCL measurements possessing a high positive correlation coefficient (p=0.047, p=0.002; r=0.316, p=0.478, respectively).
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that involvement of optic nerve in MS patients is with lower anterior, middle, posterior, and overall CCI values in addition to lower mean RNFL and GCL values of OCT. The positive correlation of CCIs with OCT parameters shows that the neuroaxonal degeneration in MS simultaneously affects the retina and the brain.

Keywords: Corpus callosum index, ganglion cell layer analysis; multiple sclerosis; optic coherence tomography; retinal nerve fiber length.

Pınar Altıaylık Özer, Refah Sayın, Gökçe Ataç, Ebru Sanhal, Mehmet Fatih Kocamaz, Ahmet Şengün. Correlation of corpus callosum index and optic coherence tomography findings in multiple sclerosis with or without optic nerve involvement. Eur Eye Res. 2021; 1(1): 17-24

Corresponding Author: Pınar Altıaylık Özer, Türkiye